Section Three - Questions 34-51

Questions About God's Law:

Question 34:

  • Q: How many commandments did God give to Moses on the two stone tablets at Mount Sinai?
  • A: Ten Commandments.

Question 35:

  • Q: What are the Ten Commandments sometimes called?
  • A: God's moral law.

Question 36:

  • Q: Why should we obey the Ten Commandments?
  • A: Because God is our Creator, Savior, and King.

These questions both review the opening questions of the catechism (see questions 3-5) and prepare the way for the next several questions. You may want to quickly review the story of Moses on Mount Sinai before moving beyond these three questions.

Question 37:

  • Q: What do the first four commandments teach us?
  • A: Our duty to God.

Question 38:

  • Q: What do the last six commandments teach us?
  • A: Our duty to our neighbor.

Question 39:

  • Q: What is the sum of the Ten Commandments?
  • A: To love God with all my heart, and my neighbor as myself.

Question 40:

  • Q: Who is your neighbor?
  • A: Everyone is my neighbor.

Questions About the First Four Commandments:

Question 41:

  • Q: What is the first commandment?
  • A: “You shall have no other gods before me.”

Question 42:

  • Q: What does the first commandment teach us?
  • A: To worship only God.

Very little explanation will be given for the questions on the Ten Commandments, because explanations are provided by the questions themselves. The quotations of the commandments are taken from the English Standard Version (ESV) of Exodus 20. You will probably only want to teach one commandment and one explanation at a time, as some of the commandments are long.

Question 43:

  • Q: What is the second commandment?
  • A: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them.”

Question 44:

  • Q: What does the second commandment teach us?
  • A: To worship God in the right way, and to avoid idolatry.

Question 45:

  • Q: What is the third commandment?
  • A: “You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.”

Question 46:

  • Q: What does the third commandment teach us?
  • A: To respect God's name, Word and works.

Question 47:

  • Q: What is the fourth commandment?
  • A: Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Question 48:

  • Q: What does the fourth commandment teach us?
  • A: To rest, knowing that God has finished his work and kept his promises in Jesus Christ.

Question 49:

  • Q: How do we rest?
  • A: In prayer and praise, in hearing and reading God’s Word, in repenting from sin and trusting in the Lord.

Question 50:

  • Q: When do we rest?
  • A: On Sunday, the Lord’s Day.

Question 51:

  • Q: Why is Sunday called the Lord’s Day?
  • A: Because Jesus rose from the dead on a Sunday.

While New Covenant believers are not under the Sabbath law, the principal of rest still applies. We need to set aside time each week to devote ourselves to worshipping with other believers and studying God’s Word. Ultimately, we have rest in Christ through faith in him and will fully enter into that rest on the Last Day.